Easter Weekend and Wind Generators Gorged on Ontario’s Chocolates

Since the McGuinty led, Ontario Liberal government, passed the Green Energy Act in 2009 handing out lucrative above market contracts, Ontario ratepayers have been saddled with increasing costs. Industrial wind generators tend to produce more energy in the middle of the night and during the Spring and Fall when demand is at its lowest levels.  Easter weekend was atypical!

Average demand during a mid-January or mid-July weekend typically has a daily average of just under 400,000 MWh but in the Spring and Fall Ontario’s weekend demand is normally 100,000 MWh less and the past Easter weekend was no exception.  According to IESO’s Daily Market Summaries for April 10th, 11th and 12th the average daily Ontario demand was 293,400 MWh. If one does the math the hourly average demand over the three days was 12,225 MWh, easily supplied by nuclear which averaged over 10,000 MW over the 72 hours and hydro at an average of less than 4,000 MW.  In one hour when wind generation dropped and demand increased hydro ramped up to over 4,800 MW so together nuclear and hydro could have easily supplied all of our needs even when Ontario demand peaked at 14,174 MW.

Unfortunately, those “must take” contracts granted to wind and solar generators meant IESO were obliged to either accept their generation or pay to curtail what they might generate.  Over those three days, lESO accepted approximately 125,000 MWh of wind generation to the grid and curtailed 84,400 MWh.  The cost of the grid accepted and curtailed wind power works out to a cost of $213.44/MWh or about $26.9 million for unneeded power.

Saying the electricity wind generated was unneeded is not a misnomer, as over those three days we exported 250,000 MWh which was double grid accepted wind.  To make the obvious more obvious IESO sold exports at an average price of $2.71/MWh so if we assume all of the wind generated electricity was exported it would have generated $339 thousand while costing $26.9 million.  Even paying the idling costs (about $10K per month per MW) on the 9,500 MW capacity of gas plants (to back up wind and solar generation) only cost us about $9 million for the three days. The other exported power of 125,000 MWh over those three days cost us the GA (Global Adjustment).  Based on IESO’s first estimate for April the forecast of the GA at $137.07/MWh would mean the additional 125,000 MWh exported; cost ratepayers/taxpayers another $17.1 million.  I am confident we were spilling hydro and paying for it too but IESO don’t disclose that information (transparency is frequently not in their vocabulary).

Summing up  

Adding the costs of wind generation of $26.9 million to the costs of the other exported generation of $17.1 million and deducting the revenue from the sale of the exports of  $600K would see Ontario ratepayers/taxpayers paying $43.4 million over the three days for NOTHING!  Something is inherently wrong with the management of our electricity system despite all of those well-paid public servants operating it.  Thank god it was a cloudy weekend or solar costs would have added to the burden.

Spurious Claims 

While researching the above I was made aware of a letter sent to our esteemed (sarcasm intended) Prime Minister signed by over 250 people  principally associated with universities.  The letter was posted on the website of the National Observer and focused on telling the PM to not execute a “bail-out” for the oil and gas sector.  The following paragraph with its obvious connection to what Ontario has experienced as a result of the Provincial Liberals passing the GEA, displays either their inability to see the obvious or, their complete lack of common sense!  To wit:

 “It inot acceptable to give privileged access to big business associations while excluding representatives from trade unions, universities, municipalities, Indigenous communities and non-profit organizations that work on behalf of the public interest.

Public investment in oil and gas at this time is a highly speculative proposition, and particularly unwise given the urgent need for strategic investments in economic recovery.”

Taxpayers annually hand out hundreds of billions to all of those groups they suggest are “excluded” and the money they receive is generated by the private sector including those in the oil and gas businesses and their supply stream.

Had those professors and reputed experts bothered to examine big business associations such as CanWEA or CanSIA to determine how much they extract from Canadian ratepayers/taxpayers in after-tax dollars they might have been shocked. The Easter weekend in Ontario demonstrates what “privileged access” really looks like!

Looking ahead

Perhaps the time has arrived for Premier Ford to use the Province’s declaration of the “State of Emergency” to reduce payments to wind and solar generators as part of the pandemic exercise.  Unlike so many other companies in Ontario the operators of wind and solar generation have not stepped forward to assist in the fight against Covid-19 and the economic cost to the country. They just want our money.

Time to take away wind and solar generators “privileged access”!

Using less drives up Electricity Prices again, signaling the Province should act

The IESO (Independent Electricity System Operator) just released their Monthly Electricity Report for February 2020 and surprise, surprise, costs went up and ratepayers and taxpayers will pay up!

While Ontario consumption was down by 51,938 MWh (what 75,000 average households would consume in one month) in February 2020, we should also note it had 29 days versus 28 days in 2019. That extra day would add approximately another 400,000 MWh of demand meaning daily consumption decreased by about 15,000 MWh.

So, if we consumed less how come the costs of generation went up?  

As Ontarians know the previous McGuinty/Wynne led governments bungled the electricity sector up so badly that it will take years to sort out.  A combination of things made costs of generation increase this February despite reduced consumption.

Let’s start with wind which, according to my friend Scott Luft, generated 1.555 TWh (TX and DX connected) in February 2020 versus 1.379 TWh in 2019. To cap things off we curtailed almost 96,000 MWh in 2020 versus about 52,000 MWh in 2019.  The combined costs in 2019 of wind generated and curtailed, was approximately $192.4 million (13.9 cents/kwh) and in 2020 it was $234.3 million (15.5 cents/kWh) or $41.9 million higher.  As if to make wind’s unneeded production obvious we exported 1.651 TWh in 2020 and 1.478 TWh in 2019.  One will note in both years wind generated less power than electricity exported—ie; it wasn’t needed!  To make the foregoing (surplus generation) sink-in, the exports in 2019 were sold at an average HOEP (market price) of $27.89/MWh (2.8cents/kWh) and in 2020 we sold them at a lower HOEP price of $14.68/MWh (1.5 cents/kWh).  What this means is our net exports* in 2019 generated $3.3 million more in revenue ($19.9 million) than 2020 ($16.6 million) despite having exported 61.4% less.

The results of the above means Class B ratepayers saw an increase in their February costs up from 11.6 cents/kWh to 12.8 cents/kWh (HOEP plus the Global Adjustment) whereas Class A ratepayers (by picking the “high 5” peak hours annually) saw their costs reduced from 8.22 cent/kWh to 7.46 cents/kWh.

What does the future hold?

With March having signaled the start of a shutdown of much of the economy due to the Covid-19 pandemic one should expect consumption will drop further. The drop in consumption in Ontario will also occur in neighbouring states and provinces meaning exports will drop as will the HOEP market price.  The result will be more wind and solar curtailment, more spilled hydro, more steamed-off nuclear at the time of year when our consumption always falls as warmer weather arrives but we have more sunlight and don’t need our air conditioners or furnaces on to the same extent.  All of that foregone generation and reduced exports will drive up the price of the delivered and consumed electricity. The result will bring further substantial costs for the ratepayers and taxpayers of the province.

While I believe we should be thankful Premier Ford on March 24, 2019 announced electricity rates for the ensuing 45 days would be billed at the off-peak rates for residential (annual average consumption of 9,000 kWh) and small business (annual consumption of 150,000 kWh or less) ratepayers, it is not a big deal! The one-time savings per “average” household will amount to about $50.00 and possibly $2,000 for the largest “small business”!

The question becomes why, under the “State of Emergency” the Ford governement declared, didn’t they act to reduce “first to the grid” rights of wind and solar and stop paying for curtailed power?   At the same time, they should have reduced time-of-use rates more than they did to encourage consumption which may eliminate some of the wasted generation we will undoubtedly experience for the next three months.

The time has come for the contracted suppliers of our electricity generation sector to join the rest of us during this pandemic and if they don’t, the Province should legislate them to show the world: “We are all in this together”!

*Total exports minus imports

OPG’s Record Results for 2019

The Ontario Power Generation (OPG) announced their financial results March 12, 2020 for the year ended December 31, 2019 and the media appears to have been so focused on Covid-19 to even notice.  At first glance the $1,126 million of after-tax income reported appears to be less than 2018’s $1,195 million but the latter includes after-tax income of $205 million associated with the sale of the Lakeview Generating Station and unrelated to earnings from power generation.

Power generation was 77.8 TWh (terawatt hours) in 2019 versus 74 TWh in 2018 and gross revenue climbed by $485 million from $5,537 million to $6,022 million.  Payments, in lieu of taxes, were $190 million versus $141 million in 2019. All-in, the province will be able to include $1,316 million as revenue.  That, as Scott Luft points out, is a long way from covering the $5.5 billion in costs for the “Ontario Electricity Rebate”* (OER) for the upcoming March 31st year-end budget.

Noted in the financial report is the following: “The Enterprise Total Generating Cost (TGC) per megawatt hour (MWh) was $50.82 for 2019, compared to $53.24 for 2018.”  While it appears the claim in this statement is the cost of generating a MWh decreased on a year over year basis, OPG do not define what is included in the “TGC” calculation.  One should suspect a number of substantial costs, paid by ratepayers, are not included in the TGC!

This writer’s preference is to calculate the actual costs per MWh by simply dividing gross revenue by actual generation.  If one does that calculation for 2019 for OPG; the per MWh cost is simply $6,022 million (total revenue) divided by 77.8 TWh (generation reported).  Resulting from this calculation; the cost per MWh for 2019 was $77.40/MWh or 7.74 cents/kWh (kilowatt hour).  Ratepayers in the province would be happy if that was the average of TOU (time-of-use) rates, but ratepayers know, other factors played a role in increasing costs.  Wind and solar generation have driven prices up over the past 10 years by over 100% due to above market, contracted prices and the inability of wind and solar to generate power when it is actually needed causing us to export surplus generation for pennies on the dollar to our neighbours.

Looking back in OPG’s past is interesting.  If one reviews their financial statements for 2009 (the year the GEA was passed) the same calculation as noted above indicates a per MWh cost of $60.97 (6.1 cent/kWh). That means we have seen an increase of $16.43 per MWh or 26.9% over the 10 years!   Ontario’s inflation rate over those same 10 years was 17.97% so the cost of OPG’s generation over that time-frame was slightly above Ontario’s inflation rate.

While we can commend OPG for keeping their costs of generation at reasonable levels it is unclear why they suddenly went south of the border to acquire a string of hydro electric generating stations at a cost of C$1.12 billion. The acquisition of Cube Hydro (merged with Eagle Creek Renewable Energy) adds 627 MW of (mainly) hydro electric capacity but does absolutely nothing (on its surface) to benefit Ontario ratepayers.  As a provincial crown corporation their focus should be to ensure the delivery of cheap reliable power to Ontario ratepayers!

We ratepayers will need to keep our eyes fixed on OPG to ensure they don’t loose sight of their mission which is noted on their website as “ Ontario Power Generation’s mission is to provide low-cost power in a safe, clean, reliable and sustainable manner for the benefit of our customers and shareholder.”

*The OER replaced the Wynne led governments “Fair Hydro Plan” subsidizing rates for residential customers.

A new decade starts with climbing electricity prices in Ontario

IESO just released their January 2020 Monthly Market Report and it brought ratepayers and taxpayers more bad news.  Consumption in the first month of 2020 was down by around 599,000 MWh (what 855,000 average Ontario household’s consume monthly) or 4.7% compared to January 2019.

Consuming less however, cost us more, thanks to the way the McGuinty/Wynne led governments ruled the Province granting renewable energy; “must-take”, contracts at high prices!

Costs were up even though wind generation in January 2020 was down from 2019 by about 216,000 MWh (including curtailed).  Unfortunately consuming so much less had a negative effect on market prices as IESO sold off more generation to our neighbours.  Net exports increased from 1,106,328 MWh to 1,605,552 year over year, up 45.1% and the HOEP average price received for those exports for 2020 was only $14.82 MWh versus $27.82 the prior year.  Wind was not needed either year as in 2019 it was 93.7% of Ontario’s gross exports (1,637,496 MWh) and in 2020 it was 68.7% (1,364,869 MWh).

The drop in the market price (HOEP) of $13/MWh was more than offset by the climb in the Global Adjustment (GA) which increased from $80.85/MWh in 2019 to $102.31/MWh in 2020.  The increase in the GA had a much higher negative effect on Class B ratepayers driving up that portion of costs to 10.24 cents/kWh in 2020 versus 8.08 cents/kWh in 2019.  The foregoing represents a 26.7% increase whereas Class A ratepayers were not as affected seeing their share of the GA climb from 5.32 cents/kWh to 5.66 cents/kWh, an increase of 6.4%.

What the foregoing means is the GA portion of electricity costs to Class B ratepayer, year over year, increased $139.7 million to $911.4 million for just the first month of the new decade despite a reduction in consumption of almost 600,000 MWh. Class A ratepayers saw increased costs of $11.9 million to $196.4 million on a consumption increase of only 3,000 MWh.

Let’s try reverse

Maybe the time has come to drop rates for Class B ratepayers so they would consume more and ironically cause the GA rate to decrease and the all-in price to drop!  Failing that, drop the rate for those small and medium sized Class B businesses so they have competitive electricity prices that would allow them to increase their profits, hire additional staff and in the process consume more electricity!

Time to turn the McGuinty/Wynne Ontario axiom “consuming less, costs more” upside down!

PS: Thanks to Scott Luft of Cold Air for his wind data.

Ontario’s industrial wind turbines many costs

Wind’s visible costs

An article posted February 10, 2020 highlighted how wind generation, on its own, represented a cost of $12.760 billion over the ten years from 2010 to 2019 to Ontario ratepayers. Industrial wind turbines (IWT) had delivered 83.3 TWh and curtailed 10.5 TWh over that time.  The combined cost of the generation and curtailment represented an average delivered cost per kWh of 15.32 cents without factoring in costs of gas plants being at the ready when the wind wasn’t blowing or spilling clean hydro.

Over the same ten years, exports of surplus power to our neighbours cost ratepayers about $12.5 billion dollars. Wind’s habit of generating power in the middle of the night and spring and fall when demand is low drives down the market price; HOEP (Hourly Ontario Energy Price), resulting in export sales at prices well below contracted rates. This results in ratepayers having to pay the difference.

Last weekend (February 22nd and 23rd) was no exception.  The wind was blowing for the two days but Ontario Demand was low averaging 341,800 MWh.  IWT however, were generating power we didn’t need with grid accepted wind at 148,175 MWh and 14,900 MWh curtailed.  The cost of both, was $24 million or 16.2 cents/kWh. IESO was busy exporting surplus power of 141,648 MWh or 96% of grid accepted wind. On top of that we were probably spilling water (and paying for it) at the same time.

The question the foregoing elicits is; how much were we paid for those exports?  Exports sold February 22nd were at the average price of $1.99/MWh and $1.64/MWh on the 23rd so total revenue earned was a miserly $239 thousand versus a cost to ratepayers and taxpayers of the province of over $24 million just for what the IWT delivered.  Our neighbours must love us!

Winds hidden costs

While the foregoing confirms IWT have the habit of being unreliable and intermittent and require backup from gas plants they also have other bad habits.  One example is their killing of birds. The Audubon Society has suggested it is anywhere from 140,000 to 328,000 annually. They also kill bats in large numbers. Bird Studies Canada in 2016 estimated the kill rate in Ontario was 18.5 kills per turbine (over 50,000 annually). Many killed are on the endangered list!  Additionally, tourism areas may also be negatively affected by IWT as noted in a poll in Scotland by the “John Muir Trust (JMT) found that 55% of respondents were “less likely” to venture into areas of the countryside industrialised by giant turbines”.

A recent report from Wind Concerns Ontario (WCO) raises many other negative issues related to IWT!  The report is a synopsis of complaints about IWT submitted by rural residents of Ontario living within close proximity of IWT.  Those complaints were submitted to the MOECC (now the MOECP. The report titled: “Response to Wind Turbine Noise Complaints” analyzed 674 complaints made during 2017.  The shocking issue revealed is: “Only nine of the 674 complaints, or 1.3% of total records, indicated that there was a field response.”  What that suggests is the MOECP’s field offices are either not equipped to deal with complaints or believe the IWT contracted parties will somehow resolve them.  In excess of 5,200 complaints have been logged by WCO since IWT first started to appear in the province and most of them were related to audible and inaudible (infrasound) noise levels. Other complaints have been associated with aquifer (water) contamination, shadow flicker, ice throws, etc.

Approximately 15% of the population will experience negative health effects from the proximity of IWT; a similar percentage to those who suffer from motion sickness.  The effects of audible and infrasound noise will produce; nausea, headaches, anxiety, ringing ears, feeling of exhaustion, etc.  Those individuals will naturally contact their doctors or other health care professionals for treatment adding to the cost of Ontario’s health care system. Those costs are not attributed to the cause, which are the IWT!

Other outcomes where IWT add (hidden) costs is in respect to property values as they are driven lower.  Many studies have confirmed values drop and an Ontario Superior Court ruling suggested the drop was from 22% to 55%.  The drop in values affects the realty tax base in municipalities hosting IWT and could result in lost services due to declining revenue or a substantial increase in realty taxes.

Let’s summarize the visible and invisible costs of IWT:

  1. Increased electricity costs due to the need for duplicate power sources such as gas plants.
  2. Increased surplus power which must be curtailed or sold for pennies on the dollar.
  3. Increased costs due to IWT inability to generate power when actually needed.
  4. Increased surplus power from IWT often means other clean sources must either spill (hydro) or steam off (nuclear) power which adds costs to our electricity bills.
  5. IWT kill birds and bats, many of whom are “species at risk” meaning insects, damaging to crops, are not eaten and farmers must spray their crops with insecticides adding costs to produce.
  6. IWT may affect tourism areas driving away tourists and thereby affect income to those regions.
  7. IWT cause various health problems requiring our health system to respond to individuals affected, thereby adding to health care costs.
  8. IWT cause property values to fall affecting the realty tax base where they operate and the value of the property should the occupants try to sell after the installation of those IWT has occurred.
  9. IWT lifespan is relatively short (20 years at most) compared to traditional sources of electricity generation and when unable to perform, create costs of remediation and disposal of recyclable and non-recyclable materials they consumed when built and erected.

While CanWEA will brag  about the fact that the “fuel” powering IWT is free they ignore all of the other costs.  Is it any wonder, even though electricity from a wind turbine was first created by Sir James Blyth in 1887, it failed to have an influence on the “electrification” of either the UK or anywhere else in the world. Until the UNIPCC forecast their purported concern about “global warming”, IWT were generally found only in very remote locations.  The technology is 133 years old but the “climate emergency” advocates think it’s still relevant!

My forecast is IWT will never, ever, fully replace fossil fuels due to their costs, unreliability, the harm they cause to humans and to birds, bats and turtles! This old technology should be disregarded in the effort to reduce greenhouse gases.

Pigs can fly and “Renewable energy should be the cornerstone of Canada’s net zero strategy”

A recent article in the Globe and Mail, as noted above, makes claims that cannot be supported by facts. The article tries to suggest Canada can be saved from the cataclysmic clutches of climate change but it is obvious the reporter (term used lightly) simply took what he was told and accepted it—no questions asked!

The article uses claims made by the spokespeople of the four parties who, in 2015, founded the Canadian Council on Renewable Energy (CanCORE).  Those four parties are the trade associations for the wind, solar, tides and hydro electricity generating companies.

Some of the information was taken from what appears to be a singular report on the CanCORE website from 2016 and embellished by the spokespeople, eg: “The flexible and dependable foundation provided by Canada’s existing waterpower infrastructure, coupled with the rapidly plunging costs of our wind and solar resources, makes renewable energy the least costly option for new clean and reliable power.”

The article says 60% of Canada’s electricity generation comes from hydro, 399.1 TWh  (terawatt hours) and 68% from all four.  So, the 8% difference came from wind, solar and tides.  If one reviews the latest information available from Natural Resources Canada in 2017, total electricity generation was 652 TWh .  Wind in 2017, is credited with the provision of 28.7 TWh, solar 3.3 TWh and tides with 0.2 TWh.

Further on in the article it says: “Waterpower is so abundant in Canada that increasing capacity at existing waterpower sites by less than 2 per cent would produce enough electricity to more than power Canada’s entire light-duty vehicle fleet.”  There is nothing in the article or the CanCORE report indicating what is meant by the “entire light-duty vehicle fleet” or it’s required power.  Putting that aside, a 2% increase in hydro generation would represent 8 TWh.

Looking at Ontario (only), OPG’s 2017 financial report noted hydro spillage was 5.9 TWh due to SBG (surplus baseload generation). The spillage was likely caused by wind generation added to the grid when it wasn’t needed as it is granted “first-to-the-grid” rights. To top things off, 2017 also saw 3.3 TWh of curtailed wind and ratepayers were required to pay for it along with the spilled hydro.  As recently reported Ontario has reduced emissions in the electricity sector by 18 MT (megatonnes) from 2010 to 2019 at a cost to it’s ratepayers and taxpayers of $23.8 billion.

To make matters worse for Ontario ratepayers, surplus power generation is sold in the export market at the Hourly Ontario Energy Price which is well below the contracted costs. Over the 10 years referenced above an average of 18.2 TWh annually were sold to Ontario’s neighbours. The cost to Ontario ratepayers was $12.5 billion.

While the current government of Canada has embraced the goal of achieving “net-zero” greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050, the obsession, will devastate the Canadian economy no matter what claims are made by the associations of wind, solar and tides generators!

The individuals who provided their dubious non-factual rhetoric to the author of the Globe & Mail article did so for the sole purpose of furthering the financial well-being of members of their associations.  They ignore the further damage to Canada their recommendations would cause. They should not be treated by journalists as they are and must be questioned about their claims and those writing the articles should do proper research.

Ontario electricity ratepayers paid up big-time to reduce emissions

The “Ontario Energy Quarterly” is a report containing a myriad of information related to the Ontario electricity sector and seems to be a collective production of the Province, the OEB and IESO.  It includes a chart tracking Ontario’s electricity sector emissions from 2010.  The report always appears six or seven months after the actual reporting date.  Their recent report indicates as of the end of the 2nd Quarter of 2019 Ontario’s emissions had fallen from 20 megatonnes (MT) in 2010 to only 2 MT by June 30, 2019

To put the foregoing in perspective the Ontario Environment Commissioner in 2016 indicated Ontario’s emissions peaked at 208 MT in 2000 and according to the Federal Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change Ontario’s emissions in 2017 had fallen to 158.7 MT.  So, Ontario’s emissions fell 49.3 MT meaning the 18 MT drop in emissions from the electricity sector represented 36.5% of it. At the end of the 2019 2nd Quarter, emissions from the electricity sector represented only 1.25% of total Ontario emissions in 2017 versus 11.5% in 2010 when total Ontario emissions were 174.1 MT.

The above was achieved without a “carbon tax” but it’s been an expensive proposition for ratepayers.

Costs of reducing 18 MT of emissions in the Ontario electricity sector

Many reports and articles related to reduction of emissions in Ontario’s electricity sector suggest wind and solar generation was responsible for eliminating coal generation in Ontario.  Those purveying the claims avoid the facts and fail to mention costs. The decade beginning in 2010 was the advent of above market contracts signed under the GEA for wind and solar that began to appear on our landscape.  Those contracts drove electricity costs up generating unreliable intermittent generation necessitating back-up from gas plants* including the TransCanada Oakville gas plant move which cost $1 billion.

Looking at generation for the past decade (2010-2019) from wind and solar is a relatively simple task as Scott Luft using IESO data, posted generation by source and estimated costs in charts (complete with text) starting with 2008.  He also charts our exports and its revenue over the same time period.

Wind: Let’s start with industrial wind turbine generation which in the ten-year period (2010-2019) resulted in accepted wind of 83.3 TWh and 10.5 TWh of curtailed wind.  The combined cost of the generation and curtailment was $12.760 billion representing an average cost per kWh of 15.32 cents.

Solar: Over the decade solar panels generated 21,9 TWh with most generation delivered to local distribution companies.  The costs of those 21.9 TWh was $10.504 billion or 48 cents/kWh.

Spilling water: As if to make matters worse, as Ontarians reduced their demand for electricity dropping it from 139 TWh in 2010 to 135.1 TWh in 2019 the generation coming from wind and solar created numerous situations causing SBG (surplus baseload generation) and IESO instructed OPG and other hydro generators to spill water rather than generate clean hydro power.  Once again Scott Luft has summarized available data and estimated the cost of the SBG for just OPG over the past five years. The cost was almost $500 million and was billed to ratepayers.

If one accepts the premise, wind and solar are responsible for the 18 MT reduction, then one must accept the emission reduction represented a cost to Ontario ratepayers of $23.764 billion including the $500 million from hydro spillage. That translates to an emission reduction cost of $1,320/tonne, well above the current carbon tax of $20/tonne and the one proposed by the Ecofiscal Commission of $210/tonne.

Exports: Over the past 10 years, IESO were busy selling our surplus power to NY, Michigan and other provinces and states.  In total, 182 TWh went south, east and west to our neighbours for the market price (HOEP).  Funds lost from those sales (net of transmission costs recovered) were the GA (Global Adjustment) costs of almost $12.5 billion or 6.8 cents/kWh.

It is worth noting; exports of 182 TWh were 173% of the 105.2 TWh of accepted wind and solar generation so, exporting less could have saved us that loss of $12.5 billion.

The foregoing clearly demonstrates the 83.3 TWh wind generated plus the 21.9 TWh solar generated power over the past 10 years wasn’t needed to reduce emissions in Ontario’s electricity sector!  We needed less intermittent unreliable generation as our nuclear and hydro generation (supported by less gas plant capacity) could have supplied our needs and we could still have exported 76.8 TWh.

Ontario Premier Doug Ford should demand the federal government recognize the above “facts” and reimburse the province’s ratepayers by either issuing 182 million tradeable “carbon credits” or pay the province the $23.7 billion we have paid to reduce our emissions. Either one would prove beneficial and when applied to the sector would serve to reduce Ontario’s electricity rates making the province more competitive, thereby improving our economic future.

Failing the above we residential ratepayers should all be looking forward to receipt of our rebate cheque even its only 90% of the $1,320 per tonne we have paid over the past 10 years!

*Gas plants generated 160.6 TWh from 2010 to 2019 at an estimated cost of $19.726 billion or about 12.3 cents/kW.